DOI: 10.3390/horticulturae10030269 ISSN: 2311-7524

Effects of Different Biostimulants on Growth and Development of Grapevine Seedlings under High-Temperature Stress

Jiuyun Wu, Haixia Zhong, Yaning Ma, Shijian Bai, Vivek Yadav, Chuan Zhang, Fuchun Zhang, Wei Shi, Riziwangguli Abudureheman, Xiping Wang
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

High temperatures significantly affect the growth and development of grapevines, cause irreversible damage to plants, and severely impact grape production and quality. Biostimulants can promote the growth of plants and enhance their resistance to adverse stress. However, the effects of biostimulants on grapevines under high temperatures have not been studied in detail. To analyze the effects of various biostimulants on the growth and development of grape seedlings under high temperatures, we measured chlorophyll fluorescence parameters with observed seedling phenotypes under high temperatures in open field conditions in Turpan. We conducted a comprehensive analysis of the effects of different biostimulants on the growth, development, and photosynthesis of grapevine seedlings. Our study aimed to provide scientific evidence to improve cultivation methods for grapevines under high-temperature stress. The results revealed that biostimulants have a positive effect on promoting the growth of grapevine seedlings under high-temperature stress conditions. They also positively affect the accumulation of chlorophyll components in grapevine leaves, inhibiting chlorophyll degradation and maintaining photosynthesis. However, the effects of different biostimulants were inconsistent. A comprehensive analysis revealed the following effectiveness order: T2 > T1 > T3 > Control. These findings suggest that T2 is the most effective in alleviating high-temperature stress and promoting grapevine growth. We recommend the use of T2 to improve the cultivation of grapevine seedlings during high-temperature periods. This has implications for grape production in hot and arid climatic areas.

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