Manuel Manzano, Ana Clara Abadía‐Molina, Enrique‐García Olivares, Angel Gil, Ricardo Rueda

Dietary Nucleotides Accelerate Changes in Intestinal Lymphocyte Maturation in Weanling Mice

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

ABSTRACTObjectiveNucleotides, the building blocks of nucleic acids, are normal components of the mammalian diet. These molecules have been implicated in biologic processes, such as the stimulation of the immunologic response. Nucleotides have also been considered as conditionally essential nutrients for infant formulas. The authors evaluated the influence of dietary nucleotides on the expression of several surface antigens by different intestinal lymphocyte populations in weanling mice.MethodsMice at weaning were fed a semipurified diet with or without 3 g/kg of each of the following nucleotides: adenosine monophosphate, cytosine monophosphate, guanosine monophosphate, and uridine monophosphate. Animals were killed at different times (0, 4, 7, 12, and 18 days) after weaning, and lymphocytes from intestinal Peyer's patches, epithelium, and lamina propria were isolated. The expression of different antigens (CD3, CD4, CD8α, CD8β, TCRαβ, TCRγδ, CD5, CD22 and CD45R) was analyzed by flow cytometry.ResultsThe expression of these antigens changed parallel to the maturation of the lymphocytes from Peyer's patches, epithelium, and lamina propria. However, developmental changes of expression for most of the antigens occurred sooner in the animals fed the diet supplemented with nucleotides. The expression of T and B antigens was different in the lymphocyte populations analyzed and also changed according to the diet within each population. In general, nucleotides promoted the expression of B‐ and T‐helper cell antigens.ConclusionsThe authors conclude that dietary nucleotides may affect the process of maturation and differentiation of intestinal lymphocytes, which usually takes place at weaning.

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