Jianhua Chen, Shaopeng Xing, Haixin Xu, Honggeng Zhu, Huiyun Fu, Haihua Wang, Fugui Li, Ming Zhu

Dietary Nanometer Selenium Enhances the Selenium Accumulation, Nutrient Composition and Antioxidant Status of Paramisgurnus dabryanus spp.

  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Selenium, an essential trace element, exerts beneficial effects on aquatic animals when present in suitable concentrations. This study investigates the effect of dietary nanometer selenium (Nano-Se) on the muscle selenium accumulation, nutrient composition, and antioxidant ability of Paramisgurnus dabryanus spp. Nano-Se was supplemented in the basal diets at levels of 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 mg/kg. Three hundred fish, averaging 5.21 ± 0.06 g, were randomly divided into five groups and fed the experimental diet for 6 weeks. Fish with a dietary Nano-Se supplement of 0.2 mg/kg exhibited activities of SOD, GSH-Px, AKP, and CAT in the liver, which were significantly higher (p < 0.05) compared to the control diet, while MDA content was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in the 0.2 mg/kg group. The muscle selenium content significantly increased (p < 0.05) at ≥0.2 mg/kg Nano-Se levels. The highest levels of essential amino acids, EAA/TAA, and EAA/NEAA ratios were observed in fish fed 0.2 mg of Nano-Se. Thus, this study recommends incorporating 0.2 mg of Nano-Se per kg in the diet to enhance antioxidant defense, selenium content, and nutrient composition.

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