Anne‐Sophie Becker, Maximiliane Holm, Jan Liese, Nadja Engel, Annette Helene Zimpfer

Diagnosis of differentiated dysplasia as a variant of oral epithelial dysplasia

  • General Dentistry
  • Otorhinolaryngology

AbstractObjectivesThe World Health Organization's definition of oral epithelial dysplasia includes differentiated dysplasia, which is defined by purely architectural abnormalities of oral mucosa without cytological changes. We analysed differentiated dysplasia's frequency, progression risk and correlation with oral brush cytology.Materials and MethodsCytoarchitectural criteria and expression patterns of keratin 13/17 and ki67 were studied in oral biopsies clinically diagnosed with leukoplakia. Biopsies were assessed for dysplasia and its grade. Available brush cytology findings were obtained from clinical records.ResultsWe included 159 biopsies from 112 patients (33% differentiated dysplasia; 27% keratosis without dysplasia; oral epithelial dysplasia with atypia of mild, moderate and severe degree including invasive cancers in 9%, 8% and 7%, respectively). Keratin 13 loss and keratin 17 gain were higher in differentiated‐dysplasia cases (p < 0.0001), which had the highest hypergranulosis frequency. Keratin 17 expression was associated with higher malignant‐transformation rates (p = 0.0028). The transformation rate and time were comparable between dysplasia with atypia and differentiated‐dysplasia cases, which had higher progression rates and shorter time periods than keratosis cases without dysplasia (p = 0.08). Cytology prior to differentiated dysplasia all indicated normal oral mucosa.ConclusionsKeratin 17 but not oral brush cytology can help identify patients with differentiated dysplasia with higher risk for malignant transformation.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive