DOI: 10.3390/jcm13061532 ISSN: 2077-0383

Detailed One-Year Follow-Up in Left Bundle Branch Area Pacing: Echocardiography, Natriuretic Peptide, Electrical Parameters and Complications

Maciej Fularz, Przemysław Mitkowski
  • General Medicine

Background: LBBAP is a promising method of cardiac pacing. Data on some follow-up details are still limited. We aimed to evaluate LBBAP over a one-year follow-up period. Methods: The studied population consisted of 110 patients who underwent LBBAP device implantation (93 for bradycardia indications, 17 for CRT). Echocardiography and NT-proBNP measurement were performed before the procedure and after one year. Electrical parameters, complications and some other conditions that required attention were noted during the observation period. Results: In total, 89 patients completed the one-year follow-up. NT-proBNP and echocardiographic parameters (LVEF, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, left atrium dimension) improved after the one-year follow-up, especially in the patients with CRT indications, but also in the bradycardia patients. The independent predictors of a positive heart function response were higher baseline NT-proBNP and the presence of either RBBB or LBBB. The electrical parameters were satisfactory but a slight raise in the pacing threshold was observed at subsequent control visits. Major complications occurred in 4.5% of patients in the acute phase and in 4.4% during the follow-up (the most common was dislodgement of the non-LBBAP lead). One patient is presumed to have developed pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. The most frequent mild complications were intraprocedural RBBB (9.1%) and conversion to deep septal pacing during the follow-up period (5.5%). In addition, 4.4% of the patients required individual programming of the pacing output to maintain the optimal type of capture. Conclusions: The impact of LBBAP device implantation on cardiac function parameters is positive in a wide range of indications, especially in patients with RBBB or LBBB. The prevalence of complications is relatively high but major complications are rarely associated with LBBAP issues.

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