DOI: 10.3390/app14062382 ISSN: 2076-3417

Designing and Developing an Advanced Drone-Based Pollution Surveillance System for River Waterways, Streams, and Canals Using Machine Learning Algorithms: Case Study in Shatt al-Arab, South East Iraq

Myssar Jabbar Hammood Al-Battbootti, Iuliana Marin, Sabah Al-Hameed, Ramona-Cristina Popa, Ionel Petrescu, Costin-Anton Boiangiu, Nicolae Goga
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

This study explores pollution detection and classification in the Shatt al-Arab River using advanced image processing techniques. Our proposed system integrates Random Forest (RF), Support Vector Machine (SVM), and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) algorithms. The Shatt al-Arab River in Basra, Iraq, faces increasing pollution from human activities, including oil spills, debris, and wastewater. We conducted extensive surveys of the river and its tributaries using a DJI Mavic drone, amassing over 1000 images to train machine learning models. The results indicate that RF excels with 94% accuracy for oil spills, 92% for wastewater, and 95% for debris. SVM also performs well, achieving 92%, 88%, and 94% accuracy for the respective pollutants. KNN, though insightful, lags with 85%, 89%, and 86% accuracy. Trained on this novel image dataset, these models show promising accuracy in detecting various pollution types from drone footage.

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