Hatice Gamze Demirdağ, Bengü Nisa Akay

Dermatoscopic Profiling of Inverted Follicular Keratosis in Differing Skin Phenotypes

  • Dermatology

Abstract Background Inverted follicular keratosis is a rare benign tumor of the follicular infundibulum. Due to its similarity to other benign and malignant cutaneous lesions, it poses a diagnostic challenge. There is limited information regarding the dermatoscopic characteristics of inverted follicular keratosis, and the majority of cases have been reported in patients with fair skin types. Objective To describe the prevalent dermatoscopic features of inverted follicular keratosis, especially in patients with skin of color. Methods We retrospectively analysed 35 histopathologically verified cases of inverted follicular keratosis fom a single university hospital in Turkiye. Results With respect to Fitzpatrick skin phototype, 2 (5.7%), 12 (34.3%), 16 (45.7%) and 5 (14.3%) patients had phototypes 2,3,4, and 5, respectively. Clinically, the majority of inverted follicular keratoses were hypopigmented or nonpigmented (82.9%). Pink-white structureless areas (54.3%), ulceration (54.3%), central keratin mass (42.9%), and blood spots on keratin mass (42.9%) were the most frequent dermatoscopic findings. Pigmented structures were observed as blue-grey structureless areas in 12 lesions and as blue-grey clods in 5 lesions, primarily in Fitzpatrick's phototypes 4 and 5. The incidence of a pink, structureless area and blood spots on ulceration was found to be statistically significantly higher in individuals with fair skin types, while a greater prevalence of blue-grey coloration was observed in those with skin of color (p < 0.05). Conclusion Although our study presents some dermatoscopic distinctions of inverted follicular keratosis, the diagnosis is generally confirmed by histopathology, as the clinical appearance and dermatoscopic findings may not be sufficient to differentiate it from other tumors, especially squamous cell carcinoma or keratoacanthoma. The dermatoscopic characteristics of dark skin are comparable to those of pale skin; however, hyperpigmentation can be more noticeable in skin of color.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive