Enes Ayan, Yusuf Bayraktar, Çiğdem Çelik, Baturalp Ayhan

Dental student application of artificial intelligence technology in detecting proximal caries lesions

  • General Medicine

AbstractObjectivesThis study aimed to investigate the caries diagnosis performances of dental students after training with an artificial intelligence (AI) application utilizing deep learning techniques, a type of artificial neural network.MethodsA total of 1200 bitewing radiographs were obtained from the institution's database and two specialist dentists labeled the caries lesions in the images. Randomly selected 1000 images were used for training purposes and the remaining 200 radiographs were used to evaluate the caries diagnostic performance of the AI. Then, a convolutional neural network, a deep learning algorithm commonly employed to analyze visual imagery problems, called “You Only Look Once,” was modified and trained to detect enamel and dentin caries lesions in the radiographs. Forty dental students were selected voluntarily and randomly divided into two groups. The pre‐test results of dental caries diagnosis performances of both groups were recorded. After 1 week, group 2 students were trained using an AI application. Then, the post‐test results of both groups were recorded. The labeling duration of the students was also measured and analyzed.ResultsWhen both groups’ pre‐test and post‐test results were evaluated, a statistically significant improvement was found for all parameters examined except precision score (p < 0.05). However, the trained group's accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and F1 scores were significantly higher than the non‐trained group in terms of post‐test scores (p < 0.05). In group 2 (trained group), the post‐test labeling time was considerably increased (p < 0.05).ConclusionsThe students trained by AI showed promising results in detecting caries lesions. The use of AI can also contribute to the clinical education of dental students.

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