Amal Alasmari, Elena F. Kozhevnikova, Ivan V. Kozhevnikov

Dehydration of Isopropanol over Silica-Supported Heteropoly Acids

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science

Dehydration of i-PrOH is used in academic research as a test reaction to probe the acid properties of solid acid catalysts. Also, it has practical importance for the utilization of surplus acetone produced by the Hock process for the combined manufacturing of phenol and acetone as well as for the production of propene from renewable resources and waste. This study demonstrates the excellent performance of polyoxometalate acid catalysts comprising silica-supported Keggin-type heteropoly acids H3PW12O40 and H4SiW12O40 for gas-phase i-PrOH-to-propene dehydration at ambient pressure. These catalysts show similar efficacies, giving an i-PrOH conversion and propene selectivity of 96.8 and 99.7% for 25%HPW/SiO2 and 97.1 and 99.4% for 25%HSiW/SiO2 in a fixed-bed reactor at 120 °C, a relevant-to-practice i-PrOH partial pressure of 15 kPa and a contact time W/F = 27 g h mol−1 (GHSV = 900 mL g−1 h−1). The catalysts are stable, resisting deactivation for at least 24 h time on stream. The HPA/SiO2 catalysts are superior to aluminosilicate zeolites such as H-mordenite, HZSM-5 and HY for i-PrOH-to-propene dehydration in terms of i-PrOH conversion, propene selectivity and catalyst stability.

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