DOI: 10.1142/s0219455424500949 ISSN: 0219-4554

Damping Enhancement Solution for Wind Turbines Through Amplifying Damping Transfer Systems

Meng Wang, Hai-Qiang Lu, Pi-Guang Wang, Satish Nagarajaiah, Xiu-Li Du
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

This paper proposed a novel amplifying damping transfer system (ADTS) as a new damping enhancement solution for high-rise structures like wind turbines. The proposed ADTS can transfer the upper rotation of turbine tower to its bottom with damping amplification mechanism. Hence, viscous damper can be installed on wind turbines in a very convenient and efficient way. The dynamic characteristics of wind turbines equipped with ADTS were parametrically investigated concerning the influence of the damping, stiffness, and position of the ADTS based on complex frequency analysis. It was found that each mode has a maximum damping ratio, which is affected by the ADTS stiffness and position. The optimal ADTS position of the first mode is about 0.7[Formula: see text]H (turbine height), and the optimal positions of the second mode are at 0.3[Formula: see text]H and 0.86[Formula: see text]H. The proposed ADTS considerably attenuated both drift and acceleration responses of wind turbines caused by winds and earthquakes. For example, as compared to the optimized tuned mass damper, ADTS further decreases the displacement (acceleration) of wind turbine tower by about 22% (38%).

More from our Archive