DOI: 10.1177/14658011231218951 ISSN: 1465-8011

Crystallization induced segregated structure for outstanding conductive property with low percolation threshold

Beixue Yang, Zhangbin Yang, Zichen Zhou, Jun Zhang, Jianning Bao
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites

Conductive polymer composites (CPCs) are promising alternatives to metal conductive materials due to their light-weight and low-cost. This work investigates the effect of the crystallization behavior of the matrix on the electrical property of CPCs, where semi-crystalline polypropylene (PP) and amorphous styrene-butadiene-styrene tri-block copolymer (SBS) are selected as a matrix, respectively, and conductive carbon black (CB) particles are introduced into matrixes by melting blending. Based on the electrical properties of CPCs with various CB contents and percolation theory, the percolation threshold of 1.8 vol% in PP matrix composites is obtained, much lower than that of SBS matrix composites (5.4 vol%). The analysis with a polarizing microscope and differential scanning calorimeter confirms that such a significant difference in percolation threshold between two composites is due to the crystallization behavior while the crystallization induced segregated structure is proposed. Finally, the rheology behaviors and mechanical properties are characterized for microstructures and applications, respectively.

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