Mengjun Ku, Hao Jiang, Kai Jia, Xuemei Dai, Jianhui Xu, Dan Li, Chongyang Wang, Boxiong Qin

Cropland Inundation Mapping in Rugged Terrain Using Sentinel-1 and Google Earth Imagery: A Case Study of 2022 Flood Event in Fujian Provinces

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

South China is dominated by mountainous agriculture and croplands that are at risk of flood disasters, posing a great threat to food security. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has the advantage of being all-weather, with the ability to penetrate clouds and monitor cropland inundation information. However, SAR data may be interfered with by noise, i.e., radar shadows and permanent water bodies. Existing cropland data derived from open-access landcover data are not accurate enough to mask out these noises mainly due to insufficient spatial resolution. This study proposed a method that extracted cropland inundation with a high spatial resolution cropland mask. First, the Proportional–Integral–Derivative Network (PIDNet) was applied to the sub-meter-level imagery to identify cropland areas. Then, Sentinel-1 dual-polarized water index (SDWI) and change detection (CD) were used to identify flood area from open water bodies. A case study was conducted in Fujian province, China, which endured several heavy rainfalls in summer 2022. The result of the Intersection over Union (IoU) of the extracted cropland data reached 89.38%, and the F1-score of cropland inundation achieved 82.35%. The proposed method provides support for agricultural disaster assessment and disaster emergency monitoring.

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