Jagruti Makwana, Dhara Vaghela

Correlation of Depression, Anxiety, Stress and Functional Capacity with Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women: An Observational Study

  • General Medicine

BACKGROUND: Women are the center of the family and have the main role for healthy living. Menopause is the onset of aging in women. It’s a critical phase in their life. During this process, they experience climacteric symptoms which include physical changes like hot flushes, sweating, sleep disorders, fatigue, sexual dysfunction as well as psychological changes, such as tension, irritability, mood changes. All of these may affect their quality of life and sense of well-being. Quality of life is important in all aspects, but maintaining a high quality of life is especially crucial to improve the functional capacity of postmenopausal women. Through this study, we can obtain a more realistic portrayal of individuals’ emotions, areas of difficulty in understanding their needs and distribution of health care. AIM: To find out correlation of depression, anxiety, stress and functional capacity with quality of life in postmenopausal women. METHOD: One hundred five Postmenopausal women with age group of 45-60 years were selected according to inclusion criteria. A written consent form was taken from the subjects. After that subjects were asked to fill DASS 21 to determine their depression, anxiety, stress and also asked to fill MENQOL to evaluate their quality of life. Then 6 MWD test was performed on post menopausal women to assess their functional capacity. Data were analysed using statistical package for social science version 28(SPSS v28) and Microsoft excel with the significance level of statical analysis is p < 0.01. RESULT: Spearman’s rho test showed positive correlation which is significant at the 0.01 level for depression, anxiety and stress with quality of life in postmenopausal women. Kendall’s tau_b test showed negative correlation of functional capacity with quality of life in postmenopausal women. CONCLUSION: A study concluded that depression, anxiety, and stress should be considered as risk factors for quality of life in postmenopausal women and there is no association of functional capacity with quality of life of the postmenopausal women. Key words: Post-menopausal women, Depression, Stress, Anxiety, Functional capacity, Quality of life, DASS 21, 6 MWD, MENQOL, QOL

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