DOI: 10.1002/admt.202301965 ISSN: 2365-709X

Correlation between Voltage, Strain, and Impedance as a Function of Pressure of a Nickel‐Rich NMC Lithium‐Ion Pouch Cell

Hendrik Laufen, Sascha Berg, Julian Engeser, Maya Strautmann, Aleksander Koprivc, Christiane Rahe, Egbert Figgemeier, Dirk Uwe Sauer
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science


Fulfilling the service life of a Lithium‐Ion battery in each intended application requires further understanding of the cells' lifetime and reliability. Derived from literature, controlling the external pressure constant on Lithium‐Ion battery cells is an inevitable factor to extend the cycle lifetime. Thus, active knowledge of the cells' strain and understanding the impact of an external pressure on the impedance is mandatory to evaluate an optimum pressure to improve the cell performance. This work presents correlations between voltage, strain, and impedance as a function of the applied constant external pressure on a nickel‐rich nickel‐mangan‐cobalt (NMC) lithium‐ion pouch cell. Utilizing a high precision universal testing machine reveals a negligible change of the cells' maximum stroke within the pressure range from 0 to 1000 kPa. Additionally, an optimum pressure between 100 and 300 kPa is revealed by analyzing a series of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data measured at different constant external pressures. Within this pressure range the charge transfer resistance as well as the diffusive processes exhibit its optimum.

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