Jarred Garfinkle, May Khairy, Marie-Noelle Simard, Jonathan Wong, Prakesh S. Shah, Thuy Mai Luu, Marc Beltempo,

Corrected Age at Bayley Assessment and Developmental Delay in Extreme Preterms

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research on outcomes of prematurity frequently examines neurodevelopment in the toddler years as an end point, but the age range at examination varies. We aimed to evaluate whether the corrected age (CA) at Bayley-III assessment is associated with rates of developmental delay in extremely preterm children. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included children born at <29 weeks’ gestation who were admitted in the Canadian Neonatal Network between 2009 and 2017. The primary outcomes were significant developmental delay (Bayley-III score <70 in any domain) and developmental delay (Bayley-III score <85 in any domain). To assess the association between CA at Bayley-III assessment and developmental delay, we compared outcomes between 2 groups of children: those assessed at 18 to 20 months’ CA and 21–24 months. RESULTS: Overall, 3944 infants were assessed at 18–20 months’ CA and 881 at 21–24 months. Compared with infants assessed at 18–20 months, those assessed at 21–24 months had higher odds of significant development delay (20.0% vs 12.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.41–2.13) and development delays (48.9% vs 41.7%, adjusted odds ratio 1.33; 95% CI, 1.11–1.52). Bayley-III composite scores were on average 3 to 4 points lower in infants evaluated at 21–24 months’ CA (for instance, adjusted mean difference and 95% CI for language: 3.49 [2.33–4.66]). Conversely, rates of cerebral palsy were comparable (4.6% vs 4.7%) between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Bayley-III assessments performed at 21–24 months’ CA were more likely to diagnose a significant developmental delay compared with 18- to 20-month assessments in extremely preterm children.

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