Christopher Pavel, Mircea Mihai Diculescu, Alex-Emilian Stepan, Gabriel Constantinescu, Vasile Sandru, Cristian George Ţieranu, Luiza Tomescu, Alexandru Constantinescu, Cristina Patoni, Oana-Mihaela Plotogea, Madalina Ilie

Considering Histologic Remission in Ulcerative Colitis as a Long-Term Target

  • General Medicine

Monitoring disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is challenging since clinical manifestations do not represent reliable surrogates for an accurate reflection of the inflammatory burden. Endoscopic remission had been the most significant endpoint target in the last years; nevertheless, a remarkable proportion of patients continue to relapse despite a normal-appearing mucosa, highlighting that endoscopy may underestimate the true extent of the disease. A subtle hint of the importance that histology plays in the long-term course of the disease has been endorsed by the STRIDE-II consensus, which recommends considering histologic healing for ulcerative colitis (UC), even though it is not stated to be a compulsory formal target. It is a continuum-changing paradigm, and it is almost a certainty that in the near future, histologic healing may become the new formal target for ulcerative colitis. It must be emphasized that there is great heterogeneity in defining histological remission, and the main criteria or cut-off values for inflammatory markers are still in an ill-defined area. The complexity of some histologic scores is a source of confusion among clinicians and pathologists, leading to low adherence in clinical practice when it comes to a homogenous histopathological report. Therefore, a standardized and more practical approach is urgently needed.

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