Anamika Khanal, So-Ra Han, Jun Hyuck Lee, Tae-Jin Oh

Comparative Genome Analysis of Polar Mesorhizobium sp. PAMC28654 to Gain Insight into Tolerance to Salinity and Trace Element Stress

  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

In this study, Mesorhizobium sp. PAMC28654 was isolated from a soil sample collected from the polar region of Uganda. Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics were performed to better understand the genomic features necessary for Mesorhizobium sp. PAMC28654 to survive and thrive in extreme conditions and stresses. Additionally, diverse sequence analysis tools were employed for genomic investigation. The results of the analysis were then validated using wet-lab experiments. Genome analysis showed trace elements’ resistant proteins (CopC, CopD, CzcD, and Acr3), exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing proteins (ExoF and ExoQ), and nitrogen metabolic proteins (NarG, NarH, and NarI). The strain was positive for nitrate reduction. It was tolerant to 100 mM NaCl at 15 °C and 25 °C temperatures and resistant to multiple trace elements (up to 1 mM CuSO4·5H2O, 2 mM CoCl2·6H2O, 1 mM ZnSO4·7H2O, 0.05 mM Cd(NO3)2·4H2O, and 100 mM Na2HAsO4·7H2O at 15 °C and 0.25 mM CuSO4·5H2O, 2 mM CoCl2·6H2O, 0.5 mM ZnSO4·7H2O, 0.01 mM Cd(NO3)2·4H2O, and 100 mM Na2HAsO4·7H2O at 25 °C). This research contributes to our understanding of bacteria’s ability to survive abiotic stresses. The isolated strain can be a potential candidate for implementation for environmental and agricultural purposes.

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