DOI: 10.1111/wvn.12669 ISSN: 1545-102X

Comparative efficacy of mind‐body exercise for depression in breast cancer survivors: A systematic review and network meta‐analysis

Liangrong Geng, Yi Duan, Xiaoyu Li, Shujin Yue, Ruxue Li, Hongxia Liu, Chunxiang Su
  • General Medicine
  • General Nursing



As pharmacotherapy often leads to adverse reactions, mind–body exercise (MBE) treatments have become a more popular option for treating depression in people living with breast cancer (BC). However, the most effective type of MBE treatment for this population remains unclear.


The aim of this systematic review and network meta‐analysis (NMA) was to compare the efficacy of the different MBE modes for depression in people with BC.


A systematic search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from inception to March 25, 2023, was conducted in the following database: EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, China Biology Medicine, OpenGrey, and A traditional meta‐analysis was conducted using the random‐effects model to directly assess the effectiveness of various MBE interventions. Stata 16.0 software was used for performing the NMA.


The NMA was performed in 32 eligible RCTs including 2361 participants. The efficacy of MBE treatments on depression was ranked as the following: Liuzijue (surface under the cumulative ranking curve [SUCRA] = 95.4%) > Tai chi (SUCRA = 76.9%) > yoga (SUCRA = 55.0%) > Baduanjin (SUCRA = 53.9%) > Pilates (SUCRA = 38.6%) > dance (SUCRA = 30.2%) > Qigong (SUCRA = 28.1%) > control (SUCRA = 21.9%).

Linking Evidence to Action

Our research showed that Liuzijue and Tai chi might be the most significantly effective MBE intervention for mitigating depression among BC survivors. Healthcare professionals could consider recommending Liuzijue and Tai Chi as a complementary therapy for BC survivors who experience depression.

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