Qingqing Liu, Yanping Wang, Noam Harpaz

Coexisting Th1 and Th2 cytokines in patients with collagenous gastritis and implications for its pathogenesis

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

AbstractObjectivesCollagenous gastritis (CG) is a rare cause of refractory dyspepsia and anemia that frequently affects children and young adults and whose histological hallmark is chronic mucosal inflammation with a subepithelial collagen band. The etiology remains obscure, and no established treatments exist. We investigated the pathogenesis of CG by determining the expression profiles of genes related to immunity and inflammation in index biopsies.MethodsGastric biopsies from 10 newly diagnosed patients with CG were evaluated using the NanoString nCounter assay. Gastric biopsies from 14 normal individuals served as controls. The gene expression ratios for CG versus controls were determined in pooled samples and confirmed in individual samples by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The results were compared with previously reported expression data from a cohort of patients with collagenous colitis, a colonic disorder with similar morphology, including subepithelial collagen band.ResultsCG biopsies featured enhanced expression of key genes encoding both Th1 (IFNγ, TNF‐α, IL‐2, IL‐10, IL‐12A, IL‐12B, and IL‐18) and Th2 cytokines (IL‐3, IL‐4, IL‐5, IL‐6, and IL‐13). In contrast, biopsies from patients with CC exhibited upregulated Th1 cytokines only.ConclusionsWe show in this first published gene expression profiling study that CG involves simultaneous upregulation of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. This finding is unique, contrasting with other types of chronic gastritis as well as with collagenous colitis, which shares the presence of a collagen band. Involvement of Th2 immunity in CG would support further investigation of potential dietary, environmental, or allergic factors to guide future therapeutic trials.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive