DOI: 10.1002/rmb2.12550 ISSN: 1445-5781

Clinical outcomes of personalized blastocyst embryo transfer after endometrial receptivity analysis: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study

Yuya Takeshige, Seung Chik Jwa, Yasushi Hirota, Yutaka Osuga, Takeshi Kuramoto, Yasuyuki Mio, Kenji Furui, Masayuki Kinutani, Masahide Shiotani, Yoshimasa Asada, Hirobumi Kamiya, Hiroaki Yoshida, Hideki Igarashi, Koichi Kyono
  • Cell Biology
  • Reproductive Medicine



To evaluate clinical outcomes after endometrial receptivity analysis (ERA).


This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study involving 861 women who underwent ERA testing at certified fertility clinics in Japan, and who received subsequent personalized blastocyst embryo transfers (ET) between 2018 and 2020. Clinical outcomes, including pregnancies, miscarriages, and live births, were evaluated according to receptivity status for ERA.


Mean patient age was 37.7 years (SD = 4.0), and the median number of previous ETs was 2 (interquartile range, 2–3). 41.0% (353/861) of patients were non‐receptive for ERA testing. Clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, and live birth rates for personalized blastocyst ET were 44.5% (226/508), 26.1% (59/226), and 26.8% (136/508) for receptive patients, and 43.1% (152/353), 28.3% (43/152), and 28.9% (102/353) for non‐receptive patients, all statistically nonsignificant. Multiple logistic regression demonstrated similar nonsignificant associations between receptivity and clinical outcomes. Greater patient age, smoking, and longer duration of infertility were significantly and negatively associated with receptivity, whereas a history of delivery was positively associated and statistically significant.


Clinical outcomes after ERA testing were similar between receptive and non‐receptive patients. Further prospective study including an appropriate comparison group are warranted to evaluate the efficacy of ERA testing.

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