A. Benatar, A. Feenstra, T. Decraene, Y. Vandenplas

Cisapride Plasma Levels and Corrected QT Interval in Infants Undergoing Routine Polysomnography

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health

ABSTRACTBackgroundReported QTc prolongation associated with cardiac arrhythmia in a small number of children undergoing cisapride therapy and lack of pharmacokinetic correlation provided the impetus for this prospective study. The authors evaluated the relation between cisapride plasma concentrations, the electrocardiographic QT interval, and cardiac rhythm in infants undergoing routine 8‐hour polysomnography.MethodsA total of 211 infants were enrolled: 84 (17 born prematurely) undergoing cisapride therapy for at least 4 days for suspected gastroesophageal reflux and 127 controls (10 born prematurely), aged between 1 week and 13.5 months. Infants underwent continuous bipolar limb lead I recording during routine 8‐hour polysomnography. QT intervals and heart rate were measured at hourly intervals. The morning after polysomnography, 12‐lead electrocardiography was performed (1 hour after cisapride administration). Cisapride plasma concentrations were determined immediately before and 1 to 2 hours after administration. Serum electrolyte concentrations were measured.ResultsThe administered cisapride dose ranged from 0.35 to 1.55 (mean, 0.81, median 0.79) mg · kg −1 · d −1 . Cisapride plasma concentrations were significantly higher in infants younger than 3 months of age. Cisapride‐treated infants younger than 3 months of age had longer QTc intervals compared with age‐matched controls. Heart rate was similar for cisapride‐treated and control infants. No arrhythmia or atrioventricular conduction abnormalities were observed.ConclusionsAt comparable doses of cisapride and comparable plasma concentrations, the QTc was significantly higher in infants younger than 3 months of age. This confirms age‐dependent cisapride pharmacokinetics in the first 10 to 12 weeks strongly correlated with changes in body weight and may also suggest an altered ability of infants younger than 3 months of age to metabolize cisapride. The clinical significance and risk of the increased QTc interval is unclear. Cisapride should be judiciously prescribed in infants younger than the age of 3 months and electrocardiography should be performed before and during therapy.

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