DOI: 10.3390/cancers16010046 ISSN: 2072-6694

Chimeric Antigen Receptor-T Cell Therapy for Lymphoma: New Settings and Future Directions

Corrado Benevolo Savelli, Michele Clerico, Barbara Botto, Carolina Secreto, Federica Cavallo, Chiara Dellacasa, Alessandro Busca, Benedetto Bruno, Roberto Freilone, Marco Cerrano, Mattia Novo
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

In the last decade, anti-CD19 CAR-T cell therapy has led to a treatment paradigm shift for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, first with the approval for relapsed/refractory (R/R) large B-cell lymphomas and subsequently for R/R mantle cell and follicular lymphoma. Many efforts are continuously being made to extend the therapeutic setting in the lymphoma field. Several reports are supporting the safety and efficacy of CAR-T cells in patients with central nervous system disease involvement. Anti-CD30 CAR-T cells for the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma are in development and early studies looking for the optimal target for T-cell malignancies are ongoing. Anti-CD19/CD20 and CD19/CD22 dual targeting CAR-T cells are under investigation in order to increase anti-lymphoma activity and overcome tumor immune escape. Allogeneic CAR product engineering is on the way, representing a rapidly accessible ‘off-the-shelf’ and potentially more fit product. In the present manuscript, we will focus on recent advances in CAR-T cell therapy for lymphomas, including new settings and future perspectives in the field, reviewing data reported in literature in the last decade up to October 2023.

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