DOI: 10.3390/ijms25010357 ISSN: 1422-0067

Characterization of the Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Agelas nakamurai from the South China Sea

Zijian Lu, Qiang Lin, Huixian Zhang
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

The Agelas genus sponges are widely distributed and provide shelter for organisms that inhabit reefs. However, there is a lack of research on the genetic diversity of the Agelas sponges. Additionally, only one Agelas mitochondrial genome has been documented, leaving the characteristics of the Agelas genus’s mitogenome in need of further clarification. To address this research gap, we utilized Illumina HiSeq4000 sequencing and de novo assembly to ascertain the complete mitochondrial genome of Agelas sp. specimens, sourced from the South China Sea. Our analysis of the cox1 barcoding similarity and phylogenetic relationship reveals that taxonomically, the Agelas sp. corresponds to Agelas nakamurai. The mitogenome of Agelas nakamurai is 20,885 bp in length, encoding 14 protein-coding genes, 24 transfer RNA genes, and 2 ribosomal RNA genes. Through a comparison of the mitochondrial genes, we discovered that both Agelas nakamurai and Agelas schmidti have an identical gene arrangement. Furthermore, we observed a deletion in the trnD gene and duplication and remodeling of the trnL gene in the Agelas nakamurai’s mitogenome. Our evolutionary analysis also identified lineage-specific positive selection sites in the nad3 and nad5 genes of the Agelas sponges’ mitogenome. These findings shed light on the gene rearrangement events and positive selection sites in the mitogenome of Agelas nakamurai, providing valuable molecular insights into the evolutionary processes of this genus.

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