Anurag Sinha, Dev Narula, Saroj Kumar Pandey, Ankit Kumar, Md. Mehedi Hassan, Pooja Jha, Biresh Kumar, Manish Kumar Tiwari

CARDPSoML: Comparative approach to analyze and predict cardiovascular disease based on medical report data and feature fusion approach

  • General Medicine

AbstractBackground and AimsDiabetes patients are at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), which makes early identification and prompt management essential. To diagnose CVD in diabetic patients, this work attempts to provide a feature‐fusion strategy employing supervised learning classifiers.MethodsPreprocessing patient data is part of the method, and it includes important characteristics connected to diabetes including insulin resistance and blood glucose levels. Principal component analysis and wavelet transformations are two examples of feature extraction techniques that are used to extract pertinent characteristics. The supervised learning classifiers, such as neural networks, decision trees, and support vector machines, are then trained and assessed using these characteristics.ResultsBased on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, these classifiers' performance is closely evaluated. The assessment findings show that the classifiers have a good accuracy and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve value, suggesting that the suggested strategy may be useful in diagnosing CVD in patients with diabetes.ConclusionThe recommended method shows potential as a useful tool for developing clinical decision support systems and for the early detection of CVD in diabetes patients. To further improve diagnostic skills, future research projects may examine the use of bigger and more varied datasets as well as different machine learning approaches. Using an organized strategy is a crucial first step in tackling the serious problem of CVD in people with diabetes.

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