Elvis Duran Sierra, Raul Valenzuela, Mathew A. Canjirathinkal, Colleen M. Costelloe, Heerod Moradi, John E. Madewell, William A. Murphy, Behrang Amini

Cancer Radiomic and Perfusion Imaging Automated Framework: Validation on Musculoskeletal Tumors

  • General Medicine

PURPOSE Limitations from commercial software applications prevent the implementation of a robust and cost-efficient high-throughput cancer imaging radiomic feature extraction and perfusion analysis workflow. This study aimed to develop and validate a cancer research computational solution using open-source software for vendor- and sequence-neutral high-throughput image processing and feature extraction. METHODS The Cancer Radiomic and Perfusion Imaging (CARPI) automated framework is a Python-based software application that is vendor- and sequence-neutral. CARPI uses contour files generated using an application of the user's choice and performs automated radiomic feature extraction and perfusion analysis. This workflow solution was validated using two clinical data sets, one consisted of 40 pelvic chondrosarcomas and 42 sacral chordomas with a total of 82 patients, and a second data set consisted of 26 patients with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) imaged at multiple points during presurgical treatment. RESULTS Three hundred sixteen volumetric contour files were processed using CARPI. The application automatically extracted 107 radiomic features from multiple magnetic resonance imaging sequences and seven semiquantitative perfusion parameters from time-intensity curves. Statistically significant differences ( P < .00047) were found in 18 of 107 radiomic features in chordoma versus chondrosarcoma, including six first-order and 12 high-order features. In UPS postradiation, the apparent diffusion coefficient mean increased 41% in good responders ( P = .0017), while firstorder_10Percentile ( P = .0312) was statistically significant between good and partial/nonresponders. CONCLUSION The CARPI processing of two clinical validation data sets confirmed the software application's ability to differentiate between different types of tumors and help predict patient response to treatment on the basis of radiomic features. Benchmark comparison with five similar open-source solutions demonstrated the advantages of CARPI in the automated perfusion feature extraction, relational database generation, and graphic report export features, although lacking a user-friendly graphical user interface and predictive model building.

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