DOI: 10.3390/jcm13010168 ISSN: 2077-0383

Can Concurrent Fibrate Use Reduce Cardiovascular Risks among Moderate Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Statin Therapy? A Cohort Study

Li-Yi Ma, Pei-Chun Fan, Chao-Yu Chen, Yi-Ran Tu, Ching-Chung Hsiao, Chieh-Li Yen, Chih-Hsiang Chang
  • General Medicine

The role of fibrates in treating hypertriglyceridemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been insufficiently investigated. Since statin is considered the first-line treatment for dyslipidemia in CKD patients, this study aims to evaluate the role of concurrent fibrate therapy with statins among moderate CKD patients. We recruited CKD3 patients from the Chang Gung Research Database who were receiving statin treatment but had not previously been administered ezetimibe or niacin. The participants were divided into two groups based on their use of fibrates (fibrate group) or those with triglyceride levels >200 mg/dL without fibrate treatment (non-fibrate group). The fibrate group (n = 954) only exhibited a significantly lower incidence of AMI (4.4% vs. 5.4%, HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.61 to 0.98). The risk of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (14.7% vs. 15.6%, HR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.72 to 1.15) and all-cause mortality (5.7% vs. 6.1%, HR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.63 to 1.30) did not significantly differ between the fibrate group and the non-fibrate group (n = 2358). In moderate CKD patients, combining fibrate therapy with statins may not offer additional cardiovascular protection compared to statin alone.

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