DOI: 10.3390/plants13010076 ISSN: 2223-7747

Cadmium-Tolerant Bacterium Strain Cdb8-1 Contributed to the Remediation of Cadmium Pollution through Increasing the Growth and Cadmium Uptake of Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) in Cadmium-Polluted Soils

Bo Wang, Minghui Sun, Yuekai Wang, Tengyue Yan, Yuhang Li, Xinxin Wu, Youbao Wang, Weibing Zhuang
  • Plant Science
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cadmium (Cd) pollution has attracted global attention because it not only jeopardizes soil microbial ecology and crop production, but also threatens human health. As of now, microbe-assisted phytoremediation has proven to be a promising approach for the revegetation of Cd-contaminated soil. Therefore, it is important to find such tolerant microorganisms. In the present study, we inoculated a bacteria strain tolerant to Cd, Cdb8-1, to Cd-contaminated soils and then explored the effects of Cdb8-1 inoculation on the performance of the Chinese milk vetch. The results showed plant height, root length, and fresh and dry weight of Chinese milk vetch grown in Cdb8-1-inoculated soils increased compared to the non-inoculated control group. The inoculation of Cd-contaminated soils with Cdb8-1 also enhanced their antioxidant defense system and decreased the H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, which alleviated the phytotoxicity of Cd. The inoculation of Cdb8-1 in Cd-contaminated soils attenuated the contents of total and available Cd in the soil and augmented the BCF and TF of Chinese milk vetch, indicating that the combined application of Cd-tolerant bacteria Cdb8-1 and Chinese milk vetch is a potential solution to Cd-contaminated soils.

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