DOI: 10.1177/10775587231220072 ISSN: 1077-5587

Burnout Among Nursing Home Care Aides and the Effects on Resident Outcomes

Andrea Gruneir, Stephanie A. Chamberlain, Charlotte Jensen, Greta Cummings, Matthias Hoben, Sheila Boamah, Clarisse Bosco, Sadaf Ekhlas, Sascha R. Bolt, Tim Rappon, Whitney B. Berta, Janet Squires, Carole A. Estabrooks
  • Health Policy

While burnout among health care workers has been well studied, little is known about the extent to which burnout among health care workers impacts the outcomes of their care recipients. To test this, we used a multi-year (2014–2020) survey of care aides working in approximately 90 nursing homes (NHs); the survey focused on work–life measures, including the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and work-unit identifier. Resident Assessment Instrument Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS 2.0) data were obtained on all residents in the sampled NHs during this time and included a unit identifier for each resident. We used multi-level models to test associations between the MBI emotional exhaustion and cynicism sub-scales reported by care aides and the resident outcomes of antipsychotics without indication, depressive symptoms, and responsive behaviors among residents on units. In 2019/2020, our sample included 3,547 care aides and 10,117 residents in 282 units. The mean frequency of emotional exhaustion and cynicism across units was 43% and 50%, respectively. While residents frequently experienced antipsychotics without indication 1,852 (18.3%), depressive symptoms 2,089 (20.7%), and responsive behaviors 3,891 (38.5%), none were found to be associated with either emotional exhaustion or cynicism among care aides.

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