DOI: 10.3390/metabo14010017 ISSN: 2218-1989

Brain Temperature as an Indicator of Cognitive Function in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients

Maho Kitagawa, Kagari Abiko, Sulaiman Sheriff, Andrew A. Maudsley, Xinnan Li, Daisuke Sawamura, Sinyeob Ahn, Khin Khin Tha
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Whether brain temperature noninvasively extracted by magnetic resonance imaging has a role in identifying brain changes in the later phases of mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not known. This prospective study aimed to evaluate if TBI patients in subacute and chronic phases had altered brain temperature measured by whole-brain magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (WB-MRSI) and if the measurable brain temperature had any relationship with cognitive function scores. WB-MRSI was performed on eight TBI patients and fifteen age- and sex-matched control subjects. Brain temperature (T) was extracted from the brain’s major metabolites and compared between the two groups. The T of the patients was tested for correlation with cognitive function test scores. The results showed significantly lower brain temperature in the TBI patients (p < 0.05). Brain temperature derived from N-acetylaspartate (TNAA) strongly correlated with the 2 s paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT-2s) score (p < 0.05). The observation of lower brain temperature in TBI patients may be due to decreased metabolic activity resulting from glucose and oxygen depletion. The correlation of brain temperature with PASAT-2s may imply that noninvasive brain temperature may become a noninvasive index reflecting cognitive performance.

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