DOI: 10.1063/5.0182349 ISSN: 1054-1500

Boltzmann–Shannon interaction entropy: A normalized measure for continuous variables with an application as a subsample quality metric

C. Tyler Diggans, Abd AlRahman R. AlMomani
  • Applied Mathematics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

The recent introduction of geometric partition entropy offered an alternative to differential Shannon entropy for the quantification of uncertainty as estimated from a sample drawn from a one-dimensional bounded continuous probability distribution. In addition to being a fresh perspective for the basis of continuous information theory, this new approach provided several improvements over traditional entropy estimators including its effectiveness on sparse samples and a proper incorporation of the impact from extreme outliers. However, a complimentary relationship exists between the new geometric approach and the basic form of its frequency-based predecessor that is leveraged here to define an entropy measure with no bias toward the sample size. This stable normalized measure is named the Boltzmann–Shannon interaction entropy (BSIE)) as it is defined in terms of a standard divergence between the measure-based and frequency-based distributions that can be associated with the two historical figures. This parameter-free measure can be accurately estimated in a computationally efficient manner, and we illustrate its utility as a quality metric for subsampling in the context of nonlinear polynomial regression.

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