DOI: 10.3390/insects15010010 ISSN: 2075-4450

Blue Light Exposure Caused Large-Scale Transcriptional Changes in the Abdomen and Reduced the Reproductive Fitness of the Fall Armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda

Yu Liu, Yi-Dong Tao, Li-Bao Zhang, Fen Wang, Jin Xu, Jun-Zhong Zhang, Da-Ying Fu
  • Insect Science

In the present study, we found that blue light stress negatively affected the development periods, body weight, survival and reproduction of Spodoptera frugiperda, and it showed a dose-dependent reaction, as longer irradiation caused severer effects. Further transcriptome analysis found blue light stress induced fast and large-scale transcriptional changes in the head, thorax and, particularly, the abdomen of female S. frugiperda adults. A functional enrichment analysis indicated that shorter durations of blue light irradiation induced the upregulation of more stress response- and defense-related genes or pathways, such as abiotic stimuli detection and response, oxidative stress, ion channels and protein-kinase-based signal pathways. In the abdomen, however, different durations of blue-light-exposure treatments all induced the downregulation of a large number genes and pathways related to cellular processes, metabolism, catalysis and reproduction, which may be a trade-off between antistress defense and other processes or a strategy to escape stressful conditions. These results indicate irradiation duration- and tissue-specific blue light stress responses and consequences, as well as suggest that the stress that results in transcriptional alterations is associated with the stress that causes a fitness reduction in S. frugiperda females.

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