DOI: 10.1094/pdis-09-23-1921-re ISSN: 0191-2917

Biological Control of Rapeseed Clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae) using the Endophytic Fungus Didymella macrostoma P2

Guoqing Li, Junyun Cheng, Tao Luo, Jing Zhang, Mingde Wu, Long Yang, Weidong Chen
  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Didymella macrostoma P2 was isolated from rapeseed (Brassica napus), and it is an endophyte of rapeseed and an antagonist of three rapeseed pathogens, Botrytis cinerea, Leptosphaeria biglobosa and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. However, whether or not P2 has a suppressive effect on infection of rapeseed by the clubroot pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae remains unknown. This study was conducted to detect production of antimicrobials by P2 and to determine efficacy of the antimicrobials and P2 pycnidiospores in suppression of rapeseed clubroot. Results showed that cultural filtrates (CF) of P2 in potato dextrose broth and the substances in pycnidiospore mucilages exuded from P2 pycnidia were inhibitory to P. brassicae. In the indoor experiment, seeds of the susceptible rapeseed cultivar Zhongshuang No.9 treated with P2 CF and the P2 spore suspension (P2 SS, 1 × 107 spores/ml) reduced clubroot severity by 31% to 70% on the 30-day-old seedlings compared to the control (seeds treated with water). P2 was re-isolated from the roots of the seedlings in the treatment of P2 SS, the average isolation frequency in the healthy roots (26%) was much higher than that (5%) in the diseased roots. In the field experiment, seeds of another susceptible rapeseed cultivar Huayouza 50 (HYZ50) treated with P2 CF, P2 CE (chloroform extract of P2 CF, 30 µg/ml) and P2 SS reduced clubroot severity by 29% to 48% on 60-day-old seedlings and by 28% to 59% on adult plants (220 days old) compared to the control treatment. The three P2 treatments on HYZ50 produced significantly (P < 0.05) higher seed yield than the control treatment on this rapeseed cultivar, and they even generated seed yield similar to that produced by the resistant rapeseed cultivar Shengguang 165R in one of the two seasons. These results suggest that D. macrostoma P2 is an effective biocontrol agent against rapeseed clubroot.

More from our Archive