DOI: 10.3390/ijms25010482 ISSN: 1422-0067

Biological and Cellular Properties of Advanced Platelet-Rich Fibrin (A-PRF) Compared to Other Platelet Concentrates: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Vinicius Balan Santos Pereira, Carlos Augusto Pereira Lago, Renata de Albuquerque Cavalcanti Almeida, Davi da Silva Barbirato, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

Platelet concentrates are used for cell induction and stimulation in tissue repair processes. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the biological and cellular properties of advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) to those of other platelet concentrates. Searches were conducted on the PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and LILACS databases using a search strategy oriented by the guiding question. A total of 589 records were retrieved. Seven articles of in vitro experimental studies were selected for qualitative data analysis and four were selected for meta-analysis. The release of growth factors, distribution of cells in the fibrin membrane, and cell viability, the fibrin network, and fibroblast migration were investigated. In the final analysis, statistically significant differences were found for the A-PRF group with regard to platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor, epidermal growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor at all assessment times. A difference was found with regard to bone morphogenetic protein only in the later assessment, and no differences among groups were found with regard to platelet-derived growth factor or insulin-like growth factor. The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that A-PRF has superior cellular properties and better release of growth factors compared to other platelet concentrates.

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