DOI: 10.1002/mabi.202300540 ISSN: 1616-5187

Biodegradable Honeycomb‐Mimic Scaffolds Consisting of Nanofibrous Walls

Young Gun Ko, Laura A. Smith Callahan, Peter X. Ma
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnology


The scaffold is a porous three‐dimensional (3D) material that supports cell growth and tissue regeneration. Such 3D structures should be generated with simple techniques and nontoxic ingredients to mimic bio‐environment and facilitate tissue regeneration. In this work, we demonstrate simple but powerful techniques for the fabrication of lamellar and honeycomb‐mimic scaffolds with poly(L‐lactic acid). The honeycomb‐mimic scaffolds with tunable pore size ranging from 70 to 160 µm are fabricated by crystal needle‐guided thermally induced phase separation in a directional freezing apparatus. The compressive modulus of the honeycomb‐mimic scaffold is ca. 4 times higher than that of scaffold with randomly oriented pore structure. The fabricated honeycomb‐mimic scaffold exhibited a hierarchical structure from nano‐fibers to micro‐/macro‐tubular structures. Pre‐osteoblast MC3T3‐E1 cells cultured on the honeycomb‐mimic nanofibrous scaffolds exhibit an enhanced osteoblastic phenotype, with elevated expression levels of osteogenic marker genes, than those on either porous lamellar scaffolds or porous scaffolds with randomly oriented pores. The advanced techniques for the fabrication of the honeycomb‐mimic structure may potentially be used for a wide variety of advanced functional materials.

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