Ricardo Ahumada, Jocelyn Dunstan, Matías Rojas, Sergio Peñafiel, Inti Paredes, Pablo Báez

Automatic Detection of Distant Metastasis Mentions in Radiology Reports in Spanish

  • General Medicine

PURPOSE A critical task in oncology is extracting information related to cancer metastasis from electronic health records. Metastasis-related information is crucial for planning treatment, evaluating patient prognoses, and cancer research. However, the unstructured way in which findings of distant metastasis are often written in radiology reports makes it difficult to extract information automatically. The main aim of this study was to extract distant metastasis findings from free-text imaging and nuclear medicine reports to classify the patient status according to the presence or absence of distant metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We created a distant metastasis annotated corpus using positron emission tomography-computed tomography and computed tomography reports of patients with prostate, colorectal, and breast cancers. Entities were labeled M1 or M0 according to affirmative or negative metastasis descriptions. We used a named entity recognition model on the basis of a bidirectional long short-term memory model and conditional random fields to identify entities. Mentions were subsequently used to classify whole reports into M1 or M0. RESULTS The model detected distant metastasis mentions with a weighted average F1 score performance of 0.84. Whole reports were classified with an F1 score of 0.92 for M0 documents and 0.90 for M1 documents. CONCLUSION These results show the usefulness of the model in detecting distant metastasis findings in three different types of cancer and the consequent classification of reports. The relevance of this study is to generate structured distant metastasis information from free-text imaging reports in Spanish. In addition, the manually annotated corpus, annotation guidelines, and code are freely released to the research community.

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