DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhae072 ISSN: 1047-3211

Auditory prediction errors in sound frequency and duration generated different cortical activation patterns in the human brain: an ECoG study

Megumi Takasago, Naoto Kunii, Shigeta Fujitani, Yohei Ishishita, Mariko Tada, Kenji Kirihara, Misako Komatsu, Takanori Uka, Seijiro Shimada, Keisuke Nagata, Kiyoto Kasai, Nobuhito Saito
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


Sound frequency and duration are essential auditory components. The brain perceives deviations from the preceding sound context as prediction errors, allowing efficient reactions to the environment. Additionally, prediction error response to duration change is reduced in the initial stages of psychotic disorders. To compare the spatiotemporal profiles of responses to prediction errors, we conducted a human electrocorticography study with special attention to high gamma power in 13 participants who completed both frequency and duration oddball tasks. Remarkable activation in the bilateral superior temporal gyri in both the frequency and duration oddball tasks were observed, suggesting their association with prediction errors. However, the response to deviant stimuli in duration oddball task exhibited a second peak, which resulted in a bimodal response. Furthermore, deviant stimuli in frequency oddball task elicited a significant response in the inferior frontal gyrus that was not observed in duration oddball task. These spatiotemporal differences within the Parasylvian cortical network could account for our efficient reactions to changes in sound properties. The findings of this study may contribute to unveiling auditory processing and elucidating the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders.

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