Chukwuka Elendu, Dependable C. Amaechi

Atrial flutter complicating acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): A rare case report

  • General Medicine

Rationale: This case report addresses a unique instance of atrial flutter complicating acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), contributing a novel addition to the medical literature. The co-occurrence of these conditions sheds light on a rare clinical scenario that requires careful consideration. Patient Concerns: The patient exhibited symptoms of pronounced dyspnea, tachypnea, and hypoxemia. Clinical assessment revealed irregular heart rhythms, notably atrial flutter, alongside characteristic signs of ARDS, including bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and reduced lung compliance. Diagnoses and Interventions: After a comprehensive evaluation, the patient was diagnosed with atrial flutter complicating ARDS. Therapeutic measures encompassed antiarrhythmic agents, mechanical ventilation, and targeted ARDS management protocols. The intricate interplay between cardiac and respiratory factors necessitated a multidisciplinary approach. Outcomes: Throughout treatment, the patient’s respiratory distress gradually improved. Control of the atrial flutter was achieved, and oxygenation levels were restored within acceptable limits. This successful outcome underscores the significance of a well-coordinated treatment strategy in addressing complex cases like this. Lessons: This case highlights the importance of recognizing and managing the intricate relationship between cardiac arrhythmias such as atrial flutter and respiratory complications like ARDS. The successful management of this patient underscores the value of multidisciplinary collaboration and tailored therapeutic interventions. Practitioners should remain vigilant for such rare complications and consider this case a reminder of the potential complexities that can arise in critical care scenarios.

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