Yuanyuan Liu, Ning Su, Wei Li, Bo Hong, Feng Yan, Jinghua Wang, Xia Li, Jianhua Chen, Shifu Xiao, Ling Yue

Associations between Informant-Reported Cognitive Complaint and Longitudinal Cognitive Decline in Subjective Cognitive Decline A 7-Year Longitudinal Study

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • General Medicine

Abstract Objective This study aimed to determine the predictive values of informant-reported memory decline (IMD) among subjective cognitive decline (SCD) older adults from a 7-year community-based cohort study. Method Ninety SCD participants were included. Demographic data and neuropsychological test scores at both baseline and 7-year follow-up were collected. Differences between SCD with IMD (+IMD) and SCD without IMD (−IMD) were compared. Logistic regression models were used to determine whether baseline IMD could predict diagnostic outcomes at 7-year follow-up. Results Forty-one percent of SCD adults had IMD. At baseline, the +IMD group showed more depressive symptoms (p = 0.016) than the −IMD group. Furthermore, the Beijing-version Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Digit Span Test-Forward, Visual Matching and Reasoning, and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-RC Picture Completion (WAIS-PC) scores in the +IMD group were significantly lower than those in the −IMD group. Fifty-four percent of +IMD participants converted to mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia at follow-up, and 22.6% of the −IMD participants converted to MCI. Follow-up Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA, and Verbal Fluency Test scores of the +IMD group were significantly lower than those in the −IMD group. The +IMD group was more likely to progress to cognitive impairment at 7-year follow-up (OR = 3.361, p = 0.028). Conclusions SCD participants with +IMD may have poorer cognition and are more likely to convert to cognitive impairment over time. Our long-term follow-up study confirmed the importance of informants’ perceptions of SCD, which can help clinicians identify individuals at risk of cognitive decline.

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