DOI: 10.3390/jpm14010016 ISSN: 2075-4426

Association between Tonsillectomy and Cardiovascular Diseases in Adults

Sung Joon Park, Sei Young Lee, Hahn Jin Jung, Min Woo Park, Hyo Geun Choi, Heejin Kim, Jee Hye Wee
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

This study aimed to evaluate the association between tonsillectomy and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in the Korean adult population. Using data from the 2002–2015 Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort, a total of 1082 participants aged 40 years or older who had undergone tonsillectomy were matched with 4328 control individuals for age, sex, income, and region of residence. We evaluated the incidence of CVDs in both the tonsillectomy and control groups and calculated the hazard ratios (HRs) of stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and heart failure (HF) for participants who underwent tonsillectomy using a stratified Cox proportional hazard model. The incidence rates of stroke (81.3 vs. 46.6 per 10,000 person-years) and IHD (112.3 vs. 64.9 per 10,000 person-years) were significantly higher in patients who had undergone tonsillectomy than in the control group. After adjustment, the tonsillectomy group exhibited a 1.78-fold and 1.60-fold higher occurrence of stroke (CI = 1.32–2.42, p < 0.001) and IHD (CI = 1.24–2.08, p < 0.001), respectively, compared to the control group. However, there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of tonsillectomy and control groups (11.1 vs. 6.1 per 10,000 person-years). The HR of HF did not differ significantly between the tonsillectomy and control groups in the adjusted model (p = 0.513). We identified a significant relationship between a history of tonsillectomy and occurrence of stroke/IHD in the Korean adult population.

More from our Archive