DOI: 10.3390/jcm13061628 ISSN: 2077-0383

Association between Surrogate Markers of Insulin Resistance and the Incidence of Colorectal Cancer in Korea: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Minkook Son, Sang Yi Moon, Myeongseok Koh, Yeowool Kang, Jong Yoon Lee
  • General Medicine

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is assessed using surrogate markers such as the triglyceride–glucose (TyG) index, the triglyceride-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, and the metabolic score for IR (METS-IR). Limited studies investigated their association with colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, and no research has been conducted on their association with the METS-IR. Method: This study used claims data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, analyzing a cohort of 314,141 Koreans aged over 40 who participated in the National Health Screening Program from 2009 to 2010. The follow-up period was extended until 31 December 2019. Participants were divided into four groups based on quartiles (Q1–Q4) of the markers. Results: All surrogate markers of IR had sequentially statistically lower disease-free probabilities from Q1 to Q4. The Cox proportional hazard model demonstrated statistically significant positive associations between CRC incidence and Q3 and Q4 of the TyG index, as well as Q3 and Q4 of the TG/HDL-C ratio and Q4 of the METS-IR. The constrained cubic spline method revealed a nonlinear, positive dose–response relationship between the TyG index and the METS-IR in relation to CRC incidence. Conclusions: In conclusion, the TyG index, TG/HDL-C ratio, and METS-IR were positively correlated with CRC incidence in Koreans.

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