DOI: 10.1002/jum.16391 ISSN: 0278-4297

Assessing the Usefulness of Ultrasonography for the Diagnosis and Evaluation of Intra‐Orbital Lesions in Pediatric Patients

Takahiro Hosokawa, Deguchi Kuntaro, Haruka Takei, Yuki Arakawa, Tomoka Kambe, Jun Kurihara, Naoto Mochizuki, Yumiko Sato, Yutaka Tanami, Eiji Oguma
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


To assess the usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis and evaluation of extraocular intra‐orbital lesions in pediatric patients.


Twenty‐three pediatric patients with intra‐orbital lesions who underwent both ultrasound and computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) were included. The following parameters were evaluated using ultrasound: 1) lesion detection rate (presence or absence of lesions), 2) lesion characteristics, 3) lesion location (extraconal or intraconal), and 4) the lesion longest linear dimensions, and these were compared using Fisher's exact test and Mann–Whitney U test.


Two lesions could not be detected using ultrasound; in the other 21 cases, the lesion characteristics diagnosed by ultrasound were correct. Diagnostic accuracy of detection and characteristics assessment using ultrasound were 91.3% and 91.3%, respectively. The lesion location was not significantly different between the two groups (intraconal/extraconal in those detected using ultrasound versus those in the absence on ultrasound = 7/14 versus 0/2, P > .999); however, in two cases that were not detected on ultrasound, the lesions were located at extraconal. Lesions that were small in longest linear dimensions on CT/MRI were not detected using ultrasound (the longest linear dimensions in lesions detected using ultrasound versus that in the absence of ultrasound: 29.5 ± 8.2 [range, 13–46] versus 10 and 11 mm, P = .043).


Ultrasonography proved to be useful for visualizing and evaluating intra‐orbital lesions except for lesions that were relatively small in size. Therefore, although ultrasound could not detect lesions located behind bone and bone invasion, it could be used for diagnosing and selecting treatment strategies for intra‐orbital lesions.

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