Miguel Ángel Sánchez‐Tena, Antonio Ballesteros‐Sánchez, Clara Martinez‐Perez, Cristina Alvarez‐Peregrina, Concepción De‐Hita‐Cantalejo, María Carmen Sánchez‐González, José‐María Sánchez‐González

Assessing the rebound phenomenon in different myopia control treatments: A systematic review

  • Sensory Systems
  • Optometry
  • Ophthalmology

AbstractPurposeTo review the rebound effect after cessation of different myopia control treatments.MethodsA systematic review that included full‐length randomised controlled studies (RCTs), as well as post‐hoc analyses of RCTs reporting new findings on myopia control treatments rebound effect in two databases, PubMed and Web of Science, was performed according to the PRISMA statement. The search period was between 15 June 2023 and 30 June 2023. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to analyse the quality of the selected studies.ResultsA total of 11 studies were included in this systematic review. Unifying the rebound effects of all myopia control treatments, the mean rebound effect for axial length (AL) and spherical equivalent refraction (SER) were 0.10 ± 0.07 mm [−0.02 to 0.22] and −0.27 ± 0.2 D [−0.71 to −0.03] after 10.2 ± 7.4 months of washout, respectively. In addition, spectacles with highly aspherical lenslets or defocus incorporated multiple segments technology, soft multifocal contact lenses and orthokeratology showed lower rebound effects compared with atropine and low‐level light therapy, with a mean rebound effect for AL and SER of 0.04 ± 0.04 mm [0 to 0.08] and −0.13 ± 0.07 D [−0.05 to −0.2], respectively.ConclusionsIt appears that the different treatments for myopia control produce a rebound effect after their cessation. Specifically, optical treatments seem to produce less rebound effect than pharmacological or light therapies. However, more studies are required to confirm these results.

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