Haoliang Liu, Xue Bai, Jinliang Ning, Yuxuan Hou, Zifeng Song, Akilan Ramasamy, Ruiqi Zhang, Yefei Li, Jianwei Sun, Bing Xiao

Assessing r2SCAN meta-GGA functional for structural parameters, cohesive energy, mechanical modulus, and thermophysical properties of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Physics and Astronomy

The recent development of accurate and efficient semilocal density functionals on the third rung of Jacob’s ladder of density functional theory, such as the revised regularized strongly constrained and appropriately normed (r2SCAN) density functional, could enable rapid and highly reliable prediction of the elasticity and temperature dependence of thermophysical parameters of refractory elements and their intermetallic compounds using the quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA). Here, we present a comparative evaluation of equilibrium cell volumes, cohesive energy, mechanical moduli, and thermophysical properties (Debye temperature and thermal expansion coefficient) for 22 transition metals using semilocal density functionals, including the local density approximation (LDA), Perdew–Burke–Ernzerhof (PBE) and PBEsol generalized gradient approximations (GGAs), and the r2SCAN meta-GGA. PBEsol and r2SCAN deliver the same level of accuracies for structural, mechanical, and thermophysical properties. PBE and r2SCAN perform better than LDA and PBEsol for calculating cohesive energies of transition metals. Among the tested density functionals, r2SCAN provides an overall well-balanced performance for reliably computing cell volumes, cohesive energies, mechanical properties, and thermophysical properties of various 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals using QHA. Therefore, we recommend that r2SCAN could be employed as a workhorse method to evaluate thermophysical properties of transition metal compounds and alloys in high throughput workflows.

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