Yueling Pei, Yanfang Sun, Yuan Chen, Tuizi Feng, Haiyan Che, Haibo Long

As a Transitional Host, Weed Solanum nigrum L. Increases the Population Base of Root-Knot Nematode Meloidogyne enterolobii for the Next Season

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

The aim of this study was to determine the status of weed Solanum nigrum L. as a transitional host for Meloidogyne enterolobii and its effect on the population base of the nematodes in the next season. The nematode species infecting S. nigrum L. in a fallow field was identified by morphological identification and molecular diagnosis, and parasitic characteristics of the nematodes in S. nigrum L., including development of the nematode in S. nigrum L., the histopathological response of S. nigrum L. to M. enterolobii, and the host suitability of S. nigrum L., were studied. The M. enterolobii soil population density was evaluated before and after S. nigrum L. planting. Species identification revealed that it was M. enterolobii infection. Developmental observation indicated that juveniles of M. enterolobii developed fast in S. nigrum L., establishing feeding sites by 5 days after inoculation (DAI) and forming obvious egg masses on the root at 25 DAI. Histopathological observation showed the typical susceptible response of S. nigrum L., including giant cells with thick cell walls, uniformly dense cytoplasm, and less vacuolation, mainly inside the vascular cylinder. Host suitability assays suggested that S. nigrum L. is a good host for M. enterolobii with an average reproduction factor (RF) of 48.04 ± 14.71. Population densities assays revealed that S. nigrum L. increased the population density of M. enterolobii for two consecutive years from 0.48 ± 0.25 and 0.53 ± 0.31 J2/cm3 to 1.33 ± 0.16 and 1.56 ± 0.43 J2/cm3 of soil. These results indicated that M. enterolobii could reproduce well by infecting S. nigrum L. during the fallow season, and it increased the population base of M. enterolobii to the next season during vegetable production, which suggested a novel direction for the control of root-knot nematodes by controlling weeds as transitional hosts of M. enterolobii in the fallow season.

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