DOI: 10.2166/wst.2023.418 ISSN: 0273-1223

Application of a hybrid-fruit-peel (HFP) coagulant in low carbon source wastewater treatment as an external carbon source

Ying Fu, Qinghe Yue, Shuyuan Luo, Xi Tian
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Engineering


The application of a hybrid-fruit-peel (HFP) coagulant used as an external carbon source (ECS) in both simulated water and real sewage with a low carbon source with sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was studied compared with that of sodium acetate (NaAc). The impact of HFP on sludge properties (such as extracellular polymer substance (EPS), dehydrogenase activity (DHA), charged property, size, microscopic picture and bacteria phase) was characterized. The results showed that as an ECS, HFP basically gave similar nitrogen removal to NaAc and also gave a similar developing trend of both dissolved oxygen (DO) and pH. HFP promoted more proliferation of microorganisms and posed higher levels of protein (PN) and polysaccharide (PS) than NaAc, but gave slightly lower DHA than NaAc. After HFP was added as an ECS, the types and quantities of microorganisms increased significantly, the effluent qualities were improved and the sludge size and extensibility became larger, which was conducive to direct contact and remove pollutants. HFP played a similar role to NaAc as ECS and can be used as a quality and slow-releasing ECS for low carbon source wastewaters.

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