DOI: 10.1002/anie.202400941 ISSN: 1433-7851

Appending Coronene Diimide with Carbon Nanohoops Allows for Rapid Intersystem Crossing in Neat Film

Jingjing Zhao, Jingwen Xu, Huaxi Huang, Kangwei Wang, Di Wu, Ramesh Jasti, Jianlong Xia
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis

The development of innovative triplet materials plays a significant role in various applications. Although effective tuning of triplet formation by intersystem crossing (ISC) has been well established in solution, the modulation of ISC processes in the solid state remains a challenge due to the presence of other exciton decay channels through intermolecular interactions. The cyclic structure of cycloparaphenylenes (CPPs) offers a unique platform to tune the intermolecular packing, which leads to controllable exciton dynamics in the solid state. Herein, by integrating an electron deficient coronene diimide (CDI) unit into the CPP framework, a donor−acceptor type of conjugated macrocycle (CDI−CPP) featuring intramolecular charge−transfer (CT) interaction was designed and synthesized. Effective intermolecular CT interaction resulting from a slipped herringbone packing was confirmed by X−ray crystallography. Transient spectroscopy studies showed that CDI−CPP undergoes ISC in both solution and the film state, with triplet generation time constants of 4.5 ns and 238 ps, respectively. The rapid triplet formation through ISC in the film state can be ascribed to the cooperation between intra− and intermolecular charge−transfer interactions. Our results highlight that intermolecular CT interaction has a pronounced effect on the ISC process in the solid state.

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