Hager Sadek El-Beshti, Zuhal Gercek, Hakan Kayi, Yasemin Yildizhan, Yuksel Cetin, Zelal Adigüzel, Gamze Güngör, Şeniz Özalp-Yaman

Antiproliferative Activity of Platinum(II) and Copper(II) Complexes Containing Novel Biquinoxaline Ligands

  • Metals and Alloys
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biophysics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Abstract Nowadays, cancer represents one of the major causes of death in humans worldwide, which renders the quest for new and improved antineoplastic agents to become an urgent issue in the field of biomedicine and human health. The present research focuses on the synthesis of 2,3,2',3'-tetra(pyridin-2-yl)-6,6'-biquinoxaline) and (2,3,2',3'-tetra(thiophen-2-yl)-6,6'-biquinoxaline) containing copper(II) and platinum(II) compounds as prodrug candidates. The binding interaction of these compounds with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and Human Serum Albumin (HSA) were assessed with UV titration, thermal decomposition, viscometric, and fluorometric methods. The thermodynamical parameters and the temperature-dependent binding constant (Kʹb) values point out to spontaneous interactions between the complexes and CT-DNA via the van der Waals interactions and/or hydrogen bonding, except Cu(ttbq)Cl2 for which electrostatic interaction was proposed. The antitumor activity of the complexes against several human glioblastomata, lung, breast, cervix, and prostate cell lines were investigated by examining cell viability (MTT), oxidative stress, apoptosis-TUNEL, in vitro migration and invasion, in vitro-Comet DNA damage, and plasmid DNA interaction assays. The U87 and HeLa cells were investigated as the cancer cells most sensitive to our complexes. The exerted cytotoxic effect of complexes was attributed to the formation of the reactive oxygen species in vitro. It is clearly demonstrated that Cu(ttbq)Cl2, Pt(ttbq)Cl2 and Pt(tpbq)Cl2 have the highest DNA degradation potential and anticancer effect among the tested complexes by leading apoptosis. The wound healing and invasion analysis results also supported the higher anticancer activity of these two compounds.

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