Anna Tanaka, Tim Cai, Michael Platten, Luis E. Tollinche, Samuel J. DeJoy

Anesthetic Management and Neuromonitoring in a Patient with Very Long-Chain Acyl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase Deficiency Undergoing Scoliosis Surgery: A Case Report and Review of Literature

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Patients with very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD) are prone to hypoglycemia and clinical decompensation when metabolic demands of the body are not met. We present a pediatric patient with VLCADD who underwent a posterior spinal fusion for scoliosis requiring intraoperative neurophysiology monitoring. Challenges included minimization of perioperative metabolic stressors and careful selection of anesthetic agents since propofol-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) was contraindicated due to its high fatty acid content. This case is unique due to the sequential use of inhaled anesthetics after TIVA to allow for a rapid wakeup and immediate postoperative physical exam. Additionally, intraoperative neuromonitoring in the setting of VLCADD has not been reported in the literature. With communication among anesthesia, surgery, and neuromonitoring teams before and during the operation, the patient successfully underwent a major surgery without complications. This trial is registered with NCT03808077.

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