DOI: 10.3390/rs16010100 ISSN: 2072-4292

Analysis of the Spatial Distribution and Deformation Types of Active Landslides in the Upper Jinsha River, China, Using Integrated Remote Sensing Technologies

Shengsen Zhou, Baolin Chen, Huiyan Lu, Yunfeng Shan, Zhigang Li, Pengfei Li, Xiong Cao, Weile Li
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

The Upper Jinsha River (UJSR) has great water resource potential, but large-scale active landslides hinder water resource development and utilization. It is necessary to understand the spatial distribution and deformation trend of active landslides in the UJSR. In areas of high elevations, steep terrain or otherwise inaccessible to humans, extensive landslide studies remain challenging using traditional geological surveys and monitoring equipment. Stacking interferometry synthetic aperture radar (stacking-InSAR) technology, optical satellite images and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photography are applied to landslide identification. Small baseline subset interferometry synthetic aperture radar (SBAS-InSAR) was used to obtain time-series deformation curves of samples to reveal the deformation types of active landslides. A total of 246 active landslides were identified within the study area, of which 207 were concentrated in three zones (zones I, II and III). Among the 31 landslides chosen as research samples, six were linear-type landslides, three were upward concave-type landslides, 10 were downward concave-type landslides, and 12 were step-type landslides based on the curve morphology. The results can aid in monitoring and early-warning systems for active landslides within the UJSR and provide insights for future studies on active landslides within the basin.

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