DOI: 10.2166/wcc.2023.526 ISSN: 2040-2244

Analysis of the effect of rainfall center location on the flash flood process at the smallbasin scale

Guangzhao Chen, Jingming Hou, Tian Wang, Xujun Gao, Dangfeng Yang, Tao Li
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Global and Planetary Change


With the increasing frequency of extreme convective weather, the spatial–temporal variability of rainfall becomes more diversified. As a result of the insufficient quality of rainfall monitoring data in mountainous areas, the flash flood simulation usually does not consider the effect of the rainfall center location. In this work, the GPU Accelerated Surface Water Flow and Associated Transport hydrodynamic model is used to simulate the flash flood discharge process. The effect of the rainfall center location and the basin scale on the discharge process were analyzed based on simulated data. The results show that when the rainfall center is in the upstream and midstream basins, because of gravitational potential energy conversion, the total flood volume and the flood peak discharge increase to 2–10 times, and the peak time of flash flood caused by 100 mm rainfall amount can be advanced by up to 3,000 s compared to the 20 mm rainfall amount condition. The peak discharge and the delay of peak time increase with the increase of rain peak coefficient. In addition, the increase of the basin area enhances the effect of the rainfall center location. This work is helpful to quantify the effect of the rainfall center location, which can clarify the uncertainty of flash flood simulation caused by not considering the rainfall center factor.

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